Saturday, August 3, 2013

The True Legend of the Concrete Tapeworm

The True Legend of the Concrete Tapeworm
John Janovy, Jr.

There once was a beat-up, white-painted, wooden building that sat in a wooded depression across the road south from the Lake McConaughy spillway in Keith County, Nebraska. That building had been the headquarters for the crew that build Kingsley Dam, the enormous earth-filled structure that impounded the lake called “Big Mac.” During the early 1980s, the Central Nebraska Public Power and Irrigation District decided to “finish” Kingsley Dam by putting a hydroelectric plant into the spillway, a rather formidable but interesting task. That building had mainly been used by fishermen as a convenient restroom, but Central moved it out of the woods and down to a site near the Cedar Point Biological Station’s White Gate. See TEACHING IN EDEN, RoutledgeFalmer, 2003, for the complete analysis of the White Gate’s influence on American higher education. Obviously, late at night, over beers outside the White Gate, there was plenty of discussion about that building, the wisdom of Central’s decision to build the hydro plant, what might happen to it after the project was finished, and, of course, parasitology.

Central used the building to store various construction supplies. I was director of the CPBS at the time, and we needed some additional research space, so Ron Randall, who was the CPBS facilities manager at the time, and I did an inspection of the building and decided it might be useful. Ron said something like “it needs a new roof, new siding, new floor, and new wiring, but other than that, it’s in good shape.” The timbers were 1930s-era, and very solid. After the hydro plant was finished, I asked Central if we could have the building and they said “yes,” although we had to move it.

Ron rented a Bobcat, and although he did most of the work, I got to drive the Bobcat and did some of the excavation at the site, at CPBS, that had been formerly occupied by a green mobile home used as a research lab by several workers. After the building site was level, we dug the footing trench and Ron called in the concrete truck. After the footing was poured, there was some concrete left over, so I asked the truck driver if he’d pour a string of concrete in the space that would eventually be beneath the building’s floor. He did, and I shaped that string of concrete into a very large tapeworm sculpture, maybe 10 feet long. A local mason was hired to lay the foundation, and Star Moving Company from Hershey, Nebraska, moved the building from the White Gate to its new site, setting it gracefully on the foundation (but not without knocking a couple of blocks off, which had to be replaced before the building could be lowered).

There were barn swallow nests on the building, just under the eaves, when it was outside the White Gate, and those birds followed the building as it made its journey in to CPBS. That’s why the building is now named The Swallow Barn. Ron did virtually all of the updating and repair, and The Swallow Barn was used as a research facility, mainly by parasitologists, for years before it was remodeled into living quarters.

During the summer of 2013, there was some reason for people to get beneath that building, maybe because of a needed air conditioning repair. A couple of students, I believe, crawled into the crawl space (which is fairly generous, but you can’t stand up in it), and confirmed that yes indeed, like in a true intestine, that concrete tapeworm still lies there in the dark, absorbing all the parasitological wisdom that’s been brought into The Swallow Barn by the various people working above it’s concrete scolex.



Rose Maria said...

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Tapeworm said...

This seems to have dropped off the earth and maybe we can get some action here again:

Parasitology is the study of parasites and of parasitism.
This field encompasses – phylogentics, genomics, ecology, entomology,
helminthology, mammalogy, biochemistry, vector biology, ornithology, molecular
biology, cell biology, protistology-protozoology, mathematics, statistics, ecological
niche-modeling, and much more.

The first part of parasitology probably was home-remedies, or at least cave
remedies or, in the case of primates at the earliest evolutionary stages in Africa, an
understanding that if you ate a dead warthog (or some ancient relative of swine), raw, you might kick off or at least get really-really sick.

Thus, parasites may have been important in the development
of cooked meat and harnessing fire by evolving species of /Homo/.

It may have gone something like this: A group of /Homo sapiens/ that was running
around on the plains of Africa may have seen that one of the group, we can call him
"Jared," ate some meat of a wart-hog (or some porcine relative) that had been in a bush-fire and he did not die or get a sore diaphram or tongue (of course we know this to be the symptom of /Trichinella spiralis/ (or some other species of /Trichinella/) infection - more on that later.. remember this name, not Jared, Trichinella!) while his buddy, Dibbler ate some of the hog that had not been so cooked. Dibbler died, and since Jared ate cooked meat and the rest of the group ate this too, they figured out how to keep fire because of this, and the group formed the basal clade of the rest of humanity.

A deeper pre-history of parasitology, at least from the paleontological perspective
was the first identification of a pinworm nematode from the fecal pellet of a
cynodont from Brazil that lived when the continents were still in the form known as
Pangea (see my CV). We found what we identified as an egg of an Oxyurid

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